Genetics is the study of the genes of living organisms. This science deals with the structural composition of genes, the modes of their transmission and the functions of these genes. Genetics is a broad term, and many divisional branches like study of inheritance and that of molecular gene mechanics come under its purview. Most of the research associated with genes has been pretty recent as compared to that of conventional biology.
The blossoming of genetics as a full fledged science has spelt wonders for the human race in particular and all living entities in general, as the knowledge of the behavior of genes has enabled scientist and biologists to answer many questions related to the evolution of life. Genetic study had exposed the minute details of the reproductive process in human beings as well as other organisms. Such expansive research has been undertaken in this field that scientists can predict with high accuracy the characteristics of an unborn child, still in the mother’s womb. The knowledge unearthed through complex studies and experiments have opened up the gates to a fascinating world of possibilities. Genes are the coded instruction sets residing inside the body that manage and supervise the efficient and accurate working of the various components of the human body. Hence, the information regarding the functional properties of the various kinds of genes is necessary to develop the means to tackle the situations when some organ or internal system malfunctions. In fact, careful gene study has been the premise based upon which the anti-dotes to many deadly diseases have been fabricated.
Genetic information is the most efficacious blueprint for development of most health supplements and medicines. Genetic study has made it possible to predict any specific susceptibility of an individual to a certain disease or ailment, hence, tests can be carried out before the symptom are evident. Also, genetic engineering has empowered researchers to engender living species with custom made characteristic sets. Cloning, a part of the vast genetic study branch, is another groundbreaking technology resulting from genetics.
Genetic engineering has been utilized to make special crops and seeds for agricultural use. These crops are endowed with selective characteristics associated with certain gene combinations. These genes are made to interact in synthesized conditions in order to develop the master species. Broadly speaking, genetics has revolutionized the field of medicine and biodiversity.