Physics is an eclectic body of knowledge that has evolved over hundreds of years, and it is really difficult to attribute its invention to a single individual. Rather, the vast knowledge base available today is a result of the intense research and devoted studies of several scholars and great physicians. Physics is as old as the concept of science and discovery itself. Man’s surrounding and its physical characteristics were intriguing and invoked the interest of acquiring more information. The primitive civilizations are known to have pursued studies in understanding matter.
The first noteworthy contributions in the field of physics came from the Ancient Greeks and a learned philosopher called Aristotle introduced a foremost logical proposal pertaining to cause and effect situations. These times also aroused conspicuous curiosity among individuals who observed the transitions of day and night, the sun and the moon and the star patterns. Aristotle was the mainstay behind this ideology that observation of physical phenomenon was the key to unearthing the laws of nature making these phenomena occur. Greek mathematician Archimedes is also regarded as a stalwart of the study of physics as he introduced the theories to many important concepts like statics, hydrostatics and the explanation of the laws of buoyancy.
However, there were no efficient means to undertake full fledged research in most areas, including astronomy. This was only possible after the invention of long range telescopes. Whereas the prominent theories of branches like chemistry and biology were developed in the past three to four centuries, the concepts of physics had been fairly well established by the end of the eighteenth century. In the mid 1950’s, Galileo Galilei came up with the laws of uniform motion and motion under acceleration. The mid 1960s were marked by the remarkable equations of motion presented by Isaac Newton and his three laws. Albert Einstein postulated the theory of relativity after establishing the premise that light travelled the fastest of all.
The twentieth century’s highlight was the emergence of a completely fresh theory of quantum mechanics. Introduced by Werner Heisenberg, the principle of uncertainty of the velocity and position of an electron is the groundwork for the development of the next generation quantum computers, which would be unbelievably fast in processing. Researchers and physicians all over the world continue to be in pursuit of the answers to the questions that have baffled human beings from times immemorial.