The concept of medicine kicked off with the use of herbal extracts for treating wounds and diseases. Remnants of caves more than 250 centuries old have faint drawings of plants being used as medicines. The time around 3000 BC was one of mixed theories. Whereas the first surgeries on human body are known to have been conducted by the Egyptian civilization around this time, the idea of supernatural nature of diseases was also prevalent. The graph of progress was directed upwards beyond these times.
Evidence from pypri credits the Egyptians with the achievement of introducing a scientific and methodical approach to diseases and their cures. As with many other branches of science, the Greeks contributed tones to medicine. Most noticeable is the contribution of Hippocrates, who is also known as the father of modern medicine. He was the one who began classification of diseases on basis of their being chronic or endemic. The first chest surgery was also performed by Hippocrates. His momentous role in shaping the progress of modern medicine is clear from the Hippocratic Oath taken by doctors till today. Surgery was mastered by Romans to a certain extent, as they are the people who introduced specialized instruments and tools for surgical operations. The methods of the Romans were very precise and demanded extreme skill to master. This is precisely the reason why they are the creators of eye related surgeries. In fact, the treatment of cataract is entirely credited to the Romans.
The advent of the Medieval Age, contrary to expectations, witnessed the fall of research on medicine and the branch was stagnated at the previous theories. The recovery came with Renaissance period, when Vesalius threw the blanket off the supernatural attributes of some diseases by conducting brave experiments on the human body, thus laying the stepping stones to what later became popular as anatomy. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek’s discovery of bacteria in 1676 with the aid of a microscope was a remarkable feat, and paved the way to even greater breakthroughs. By this time, the difficult research part had already been done and the following periods saw regular leaps towards sophisticated medical methods. The highlights of the past few centuries have been the works of Louis Pasteur and Charles Bernard. The World War 2, though a large scale genocide, also saw the discovery of penicillin which later proved to be a life saving substance in many antibiotics. The present medical research revolves around genetics and cloning, the pathways to unimaginably sophisticated medical technology.