It is ironic that though the essence of mathematics is the fact that there is always a precise answer to a precise question, there is no such specific name that can be pointed out as the founder of mathematics. On the contrary, mathematics is an eternally growing body of knowledge, and right from the very beginning, each passing year has witnessed a conspicuous addition to the unimaginably expansive knowledge cache of mathematics.
The earliest life forms also had the notion of groupings and collections. In a faint sense, even the primitive animals realized that there was a hint of something common between equally numbered groupings of things. It is difficult to even mention a specific year that initiated mathematics. It would not be far fetched to comment that the underlying concept of mathematics is as old as the concept of life. The inhabitants of ancient civilizations devised ingenious techniques to keep a record of the passing time. From sand clocks to sun-dials, our forefathers were already into mathematics, even in those inconceivably old times. It did not take much time for the concepts of addition and subtraction to make their presence known to mankind. Successive addition gave birth to multiplication. The reverse process resulted in the theory of decision and the concept of factors. As civilizations developed, the activities also stretched to more areas.
The earliest applications of mathematics are known to be for exchange based trading, measurement of land sizes and time period recordings. This unfledged form of mathematics remained stagnant for quite a long time. It was not until the Egyptians and the Babylonians started employing mathematics in financial regulations and architectural expeditions in around 3000 BC that the power of mathematics as a social tool became evident. These civilizations created the sub-entities of mathematics like geometry, algebra and number systems. Vedic mathematics, a culture devoted to simplifying advanced mathematics, was a revolution of sorts.
The contribution of Vedic Mathematics to the manual calculation techniques employed even today is incontestable. The simplicity of the application of Vedic mathematics techniques to manually perform complex calculations baffles even the mathematicians of the modern age. Von Neumann from the Unitd States and Turning from the United Kingdom are two modern masters who have added great value to mathematics. Their algorithms are the fuel that powers the modern computers.