Dissecting the word biology leaves two words — bios + logia. Bios means ‘life’ and logia represents ‘study,’ hence, biology is nothing but the study of life. The development of biology has been a gradual process that began centuries ago, and the idea of inventing biology is a subjective issue. In reality, the connate human tendency to attempt at acquiring knowledge of the unknown began the evolution of what we today call biology. The history of the nascent forms of biology is as old as the Mesopotamian civilization and the Indian subcontinent, where scholars undertook the study of natural philosophy, an alternative form of biology.
The more conspicuous signs of the precise study aimed at understanding living forms was evident in ancient Greece. Though the commencement of the study of medicine is invariably attributed to Hippocrates, it was Aristotle who is regarded as a perpetuator of core biology and the development of its concepts. He tried to shed light on the immense diversity of living forms in his works, which are regarded as milestones of biological history. The subsequent times witnessed another phenomenal researcher in the form of Theophrastus who explained the basics of botanical science in his works and were the guiding signs for the scholars of the Middle ages. Afro Arab scholars gave impetus to this period of stratification of the various fields of biology by expanding the available knowledge base of Greek biological concepts. Islamic physicians concentrated on the study of medicine whereas the endorsers of the ideologies of Aristotle focused on developing the natural history of life.
The advent of the nineteenth century witnesses an invention that catapulted the level of research in biology to greater heights. This was the remarkable betterment of the microscope achieved by Antony van Leeuwenhoek. This enabled scholars and physicians to observe the components of microscopic life and lay bare the internal make up of most living beings. The knowledge dissemination and research in this period was so swift and profound that by the 1860’s the cell theory had been developed in its essence, and this is attributed to the efforts of Robert Remak and Rudolf Virchow. On the other hand, the branch of natural history acquired a settled format in the middle of the eighteenth century, when Carolus Linnaeus published his works, cataloging all the known species with scientific names. From then to the present day, the branch of biology has made rapid leaps with each passing year.