The working of meteorology can be best understood by noting the different tasks performed by those involved in the field of meteorology. Research forms the basic ingredient of any field of science, and meteorology is no different. Extensive observation and research makes the gist of meteorology. This research work involves careful and meticulous investigations in all atmospheric phenomena. Scientific equipment and devices are used to note the nature of these phenomena quantitatively. The readings of the instrument are collected for a sufficiently large period of time, and then analyzed to arrive at certain conclusions and assertions.
Further observations and enquiries ascertain or falsify the conclusions established in the previous experiments. Once ascertained, the conclusions are used in processing further information and then predicting the future weather and atmospheric conditions based on the results of the studies conducted. Measurements over lengthy periods make the foundation of meteorology. The past century has been marked with remarkable improvements in meteorological instrumentation. And the impact of these advancements has reflected undeniably in the certainty with which meteorologists can foretell the upcoming weather conditions. However, this does not detract from the efforts of scholars who, in the first place, conceptualized and designed these instruments. For instance, wind direction and speed can be easily measured today courtesy the anemometer. Similarly, even minute changes in the atmospheric pressure can be detected by the sophisticated versions of the basic barometer. Ceilometers are the instruments used to determine the height from Earth at which the cloud layer exists. The communication revolution also plays an integral role in the working of meteorology.
Measurements are transmitted to thousands of miles away through weather satellites. These satellites are self governing and intelligent observers that catalog the necessary information and relay it quickly to all the data centers. Another ingenious meteorological tool is the radiosonde that measures and distributes data through radio, and the equipment is attached to a balloon. Weather prediction has achieved a substantial degree of accuracy today, and the weather forecasts released by the meteorological departments across the globe aid many activities and industries worldwide. Continuous research and ongoing studies aim at eliminating the minor ambiguities in the predictions and facilitate 100 percent certainty in weather forecasting. If the developments of the past few decades are any indication, this amazing situation would not take much waiting.