Chemistry, the study of constitution and composition of substance can be divided into these major branches:
1. Organic Chemistry – Compounds that are chiefly composed of both carbon and hydrogen are known as organic matter; therefore, organic chemistry is that branch of chemistry which studies and experiments with organic matter. Creation of organic compounds necessary for various types of medicines, clothes, paper and other more complex organic chemicals are all parts of organic chemistry.
2. Inorganic Chemistry – The part of chemistry that deals with all elements and compounds that are not organic is called inorganic chemistry. Inorganic chemistry is put to practical industrial use in the manufacture of aluminum sulfate, ammonia, chlorine, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid and plenty of other chemical compounds. Descriptive inorganic chemistry on the other hand classifies inorganic compounds based on their chemical properties.
3. Analytical Chemistry – Instrumental chemical analysis of all artificial as well as natural compounds is known as analytical chemistry. The ratio of composition of the constituent elements as well as their properties within a chemical compound is studied under this branch of chemistry.
4. Biochemistry – Biochemistry is all about the chemical reactions that go on inside a living being and its cells. Two most common terms in biochemistry are polymers and monomers, the former being the complex biological molecules while the latter being the simpler constituent molecules of the former.
5. Physical Chemistry – Also called quantum mechanics at times, physical chemistry utilizes and applies the laws of physics in chemistry. Molecular attraction, conductivity and pace of chemical reactions are some of the things that are studied in physical chemistry.
6. Nuclear Chemistry – The study of the chemical processes that go on inside radioactive matter is defined as nuclear chemistry. Nuclear chemistry chiefly studies the results of radiation amalgamation and radio therapy. It is also associated with manufacturing and adequate utilization of radioactive matter.