Biology is the scientific study of all life and since life has so many forms and aspects on our planet, it has branched out into various fields of specialization over the years. Here is a list that contains most of the branches of biology:
Agriculture – Study of crop production and practical implementation of the knowledge acquired, to benefit farming.
Anatomy – Study of the human body and its functions mainly, but all animal forms are studied under this branch of biology as well.
Biochemistry – It involves the study of all the cellular chemical reactions that constantly go on inside our bodies.
Bioengineering – This is a study of all the naturally engineered molecular processes that go on inside our biological systems.
Biogeography – Study of geographical distribution of life in all its form and kind.
Bioinformatics – The gathering, accumulation and studying of genomic data.
Biomathematics – The use of mathematics for the theoretical and practical replication of natural biological processes.
Biophysics – Understanding the role and utilizing the laws of physics in the fields of biology.
Biotechnology – Deals with altering or effecting genetics to achieve a goal.
Botany – Study of all plant life on earth.
Cell Biology – Microscopic study of cells and associated processes.
Chronobiology – Study of the effects of time on living tissue.
Conservation Biology – Study of the habitat of different species on earth in order to stop extinction.
Cryobiology – Deals with the theory of preservation and other effects of low temperature on living tissue.
Developmental Biology – Study of the entire development of an organism, from a zygote to full maturation.
Ecology – Study of the relation between all life and the environment.
Entomology – Study of insects.
Ethnobiology – Study of the effect of human beings on the environment.
Evolutionary Biology – Study of the evolution of all species on our planet.
Freshwater Biology – Study of the life forms that thrive in freshwater.
Genetics – Study of hereditary characteristics.
Herpetology – Study of reptilian and amphibian life forms.
Ichthyology – Study of all fish species.
Immunobiology – Complete study of the immune system.
Mammalogy – Study of mammals.
Marine Biology – Study of life that thrives in the ocean.
Medicine – Study of diseases and their cures or preventions.
Microbiology – Study of microbes.
Molecular Biology – Study of all the macromolecules like nucleic acids or proteins.
Mycology – Study of all species of funguses.
Neurobiology – Study of the nervous system.
Orthinology – Study of birds.
Paleontology – Study of fossilized remains of ancient life forms.
Parasitology – Study of parasitic life forms.
Pathology – Study of diseases and their causes.
Pharmacology – study of the composition of medicines, their effects and their properties.
Physiology – Study of the functions of the body parts.
Primatology – Study of all species of primates.
Toxicology – Study of poisons and toxic elements, both artificial and natural.
Zoology – Study of all animal life.